Tombs of children and people who were killed during 4.3 massacre.
Photo by Windy Island team (4th JDC junior journalist program)
On April 3rd 1948 some of jeju’s citizens rose up in disagreement with the 5.10 general election. Government forces retaliated by killing the citizens of Jeju. Most of the people who disagreed with the election were hiding in Halla mountain. So people who are 7km near halla mountain were considered as communists and were killed.
The massacre lasted until September 21st 1954. Nearly 30thousand Jeju people were killed and the most of the people were innocent citizens. A typical village called Book chon had a lot of people who expressed strong opinions against the gorvornment . So the gervernment had given a strong pressure to the citizens of Book chon village. Nearly half of the people in the village were killed. According to an elder who experienced 4.3 massacre named “Lee Jae hoo” said soldiers came from main and killed innocent citizens with no reasons. Even they killed women and babies.
A few years, later a writer named Hyeon Gi-young wrote a book called “Soon -i cousin”. The book was about the 4.3 massacre, and the government was furious about his publication. But because of him 4.3 massacre was known to the world. When “No Moo hyeon” became the presiden of Korea, he apologized to the Jeju people officially.
Recently a new movie called Ji seul came out portraiting innocent Jeju people during 4.3 massacre who were killed without understanding why they were killed. They were the victims of ideology. However, history must be freed of ideology if it is to be recorded objectively.