▲ High-speed trains or buses could link north and south Jeju. Image courtesy Jeju Future Vision
The Korea Research Institute for Human Settlement Consortium has called for a rapid-transit public transportation system to link four main commercial and tourist centers across Jeju and Seogwipo cities.
The province-commissioned consortium released the integrated transport blueprint as part of the Jeju Future Vision Plan on Jan 19. The report follows the November announcement that a new airport will be built in Seongsan-eup by 2025.
The consortium, including Jeju Development Institute and Korea Engineering Consultants Corporation, was tasked with developing a sustainable development plan for Jeju including future transportation infrastructure.
The province backed the plan, saying it wants to ensure new transport infrastructure maximizes benefits for locals and promotes sustainable development across the island.
The report prioritized improved transit times along the Pyeonghwa-ro, which links Jeju City with the Jeju Global Education City and Myths and History Theme Park, and the Beonyeong-ro, which links the city to the southeast and the second airport site.
The environmentally-friendly transport system would improve mobility between the north of the island and Seogwipo City, linking four core urban and commercial centers: Jeju City; Seogwipo City; Jeju Myths and History Theme Park/Jeju Global Education City (Andeok-eup and Daejeong-eup); and the second airport site (Seongsan-eup).
▲ Maglev in Shanghai, China. Photo by Max Talbot-Minkin
The “metropolitan-class design” will enable people to move between points on the system in 30-40 minutes at a running speed of 80km per hour.
The report proposed new forms of transportation such as bus rapid transit busways and magnetic levitation (maglev) trains.
The consortium also stressed that the system will ensure the revitalization of downtown areas in both Jeju and Seogwipo cities.
With Jeju Free International City plans to increase the provincial population to 1 million within a decade, a new integrated transport system will improve mobility and help to ease increasing congestion.
▲ BRT in Mariana, Brazil. Photo by GilEMBARQ
The plan accordingly seeks to provide a model for sustainable transportation development for the island for decades into the future.
The consortium also asked the province to consider providing free public transportation to boost Jeju tourism.
Despite the public transportation improvements, there are plenty of environmental concerns with the new plans, including increased infrastructure construction and road building.
With the second airport itself still being resisted in Seongsan-eup, the province will also be under the spotlight for how it consults communities in the implementation of this plan.
After a final briefing session at the provincial assembly, and a public hearing for Jeju residents, the designs will be finalized in February.
Green development plans
The Jeju Future Vision Plan also called for an overhaul of Jeju’s planning regulations to allow for balanced development and conservation of Jeju’s environment.
- Jeju should be zoned for planning purposes;
- All projects must have the core values of cleanliness and co-existence;
- Wondoshim (Jeju’s old town) should be linked to the new port development;
- All new and renewable energy projects should be modeled on cooperative community models;
- New residential projects should be energy self-sufficient;
- Developers should restore any damage to Jeju’s environment;
- Small-scale projects should be more tightly controlled;
- Jeju’s core landscapes of Mt. Hallasan, gotjawal forests and oreum volcanic cones should be safeguarded;
- A coastal greenbelt should be created to preserve ecosystem functions and minimize erosion.
ⓒ Jeju Weekly 2009 (http://www.jejuweekly.com)
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