▲ Junior journalists reporting on Jeju's gotjawal. Photo courtesy The Jeju Weekly
[This article was written by a “junior journalist” and is published as a NIE (newspaper in education) resource for English education in schools.]
What will happen if there are no forests? Forests have always been an important part of people’s lives. A)Woods purify the air and also provide wood for tools, and much more.
Gotjawal, also known as the “Lungs of Jeju,” is a special type of forest which provides 1)habitat for numerous species of plants due to its location B)at the limits of the tropical and polar habitat ranges. Consequently, Gotjawal is evergreen, staying cool in summer and warm in winter.
“Gotjawal” means “rocky forest” in the local dialect and is divided into regions known as the four Gotjawal of Jeju: Hangyeong-Andeok, Aewol, Jocheon-Hamdeok and Gujwa-Seongsan.
In these regions you can find things less common in other forests. The 2)ecology guide at the Jocheon-Hamdeok Gotjawal, Han Jaesoon, explained the importance of these unique areas as 3)repositories of rare plants.
Han talked about the diverse 4)flora such as the evergreen oaks that are several hundred years old, 5)the Jeju moonwort, 6)red bark oak and other native species.
According to Han, C)the woods provide a habitat for 27 rare bird species such as the 7)titmouse, 8)flycatcher, 9)Great Spotted woodpecker and 10)Brown-Eared Bulbul, which is noted by its noisy cries.
D)Han emphasizes the importance of 11)conservation and natural cycles. She also explained how the local 12)rock formations help keep fresh water underground which is useful in times of water shortage.
“The reason why we just leave broken branches on the ground is because they are all the part of nature,” she said. “You shouldn’t throw garbage on the ground as it pollutes everything. And if you pee on the ground, it will go back in your mouth.”
Han concluded by saying: “This 13)heritage we use is not ours to keep; we just use it momentarily and then give it back.”
* Vocabulary 단어
1) habitat 서식지
2) ecology 생태학
3) repository 저장소
4) flora 식물군
5) the Jeju moonwort 제주 고사리삼
6) red bark oak 개가시나무
7) titmouse 박새
8) flycatcher 딱새류
9) Great Spotted Woodpecker 오색 딱따구리
10) Brown-Eared Bulbul 직박구리
11) conservation 보호, 보존
12) rock formations 암석 형성
13) heritage 유산
* Expressions 표현
A) Woods purify the air 나무들이 공기를 정화시킨다.
B) at the limits of the tropical and polar habitat ranges
열대 및 한대 서식지의 한계점에서
C) the woods provide a habitat for 27 rare bird species
나무들은 27여개 희귀한 새들의 서식지가 되고 있다.
D) Han emphasizes the importance of conservation and natural cycles
한씨는 자연의 순환과 보호가 중요함을 강조한다.
* Discussion points 토론 주제
1. People don’t use the gotjawal as much as in the past so why should we preserve them?
사람들은 과거만큼 곳자왈을 이용하지 않는데 우리는 왜 이것을 보전해야 할까요?
2. What other habitats in Jeju need protection?
보호가 필요한 제주의 다른 서식지는 어디일까요?
3. Do you think tourism is good or bad for gotjawal conservation?
ⓒ Jeju Weekly 2009 (http://www.jejuweekly.com)
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